Bad Parenting and Juvenile Delinquency

Drug, robbery, and murder cases—all in the hands of a 16-year-old boy full of bloodguilt. These types of news stories are no music to the ears. Yet, in another sense, they are not something new. In fact, crimes committed by minors have saturated everyday media in the recent times. Alarming as it may seem, these children in conflict with the law still have a chance for a 360-degree turn on the life ahead of them. But the question that remains is, “How were they able to do it so early in life?” A study by Rutter (1998) points it all to poor family practices and parenting.

Experienced separation and divorce. Many studies have found the connection between juvenile delinquency and broken families. For example, there is an increased risk for conduct and behavioral disorders among children who have experienced disruptive family conflict between parents. Moreover, children in single-parent families have also been found to be more prone to committing illegal acts early on in life.

Poor family interaction. Two-parent families are not even a guarantee for good parenting practices. In this family type, children can still be prone to lack of supervision, training and discipline from their parents. Poor parental management practices and disciplinary actions include: failure to set clear expectations for children, inconsistent discipline, excessively severe or aggressive discipline, and poor monitoring and lack of positive reinforcement of children. Patterson (1995), in his research, also emphasized the effects of nagging, using idle threats and physical punishments in producing defiance rather than compliance in children.

Child abuse and neglect. Psychological and emotional mishandling of children by parents may result to adverse childhood experiences. These experiences often happen to children who have been victims of physical, verbal, and sexual abuse at an early age. Children who are neglected, on the other hand, are found out to have the same emotional turmoil experienced as those who were abused, and they are more likely to commit violent crimes later on in life. Some effects of abuse may not surface immediately, but may affect children later on in life, resulting to psychological disorders.

Authoritarian parenting.  This parenting style is characterized by the use of harsh disciplinary methods. For an authoritarian parent, the child needs to follows the rules, because the parent said so. This refusal to inculcate and justify disciplinary actions, results to children not understanding the reason behind the negative reinforcement or punishment. As a result, children tend to react due to unhealthy emotions, not by reason. This results to rebellious and oppositional tendencies.

Truly, juvenile delinquency constitutes a significant problem for society. It is unfortunate to say that inside the family is where crime actually begins. Despite its prevalence, a lot of parents still remain uninformed about how their words, actions and lifestyle affect their children in ways they may not even be aware of. As the basic unit of society, the family needs to be a nurturing environment, and a place for positive growth. This parent-child relationship should never be taken for granted. It is both a privilege and responsibility—but most importantly, and accountability to society.

Informative and Enlightening Details about Bounty Hunters

Bounty hunters are the people who capture fugitive for a certain fee which is commonly known as bounty. They are also known as bail agents, bail enforcement agents, recovery agents, fugitive recovery agents or bail recovery agents. Traditionally their work was mainly to capture criminals whom authorities had promised certain rewards upon their capture. The bounty hunters would receive these rewards upon apprehending the fugitives. During those days they were allowed to get the fugitives whether dead or alive. But in the current days, their work is mainly to capture the fugitives who have skipped bail. Their work mainly depends on the particular state since there are even some states where they are outlawed.

The bounty hunters in the United States work under the National Association of Fugitive Recovery Agents. According to the stipulated laws they are supposed to work with bail bondsmen. These are the people who are mandated by the law to apprehend the people who have skipped bail. The bail bondsmen then employ them to look for the fugitives and arrest them accordingly. The bounty hunters are recognized by the law, but they are required to follow the stipulated laws.

Some of the common laws that are meant for the bounty hunters include how they should arrest the fugitives. A bounty hunter has the right to enter the property of a fugitive even without a warrant. But if the fugitive is in a property of someone else the bounty hunter cannot enter the particular property without a warrant. A bounty hunter can’t arrest a suspect who is beyond the stipulated jurisdiction. This means that if a fugitive is in a state that does not have the necessary laws the bounty hunter cannot arrest him or her. A bounty hunter also cannot arrest a person who is in another country. If he or she does not follow these laws, it might be stated that the fugitive was kidnapped. This can cause a lot of problems to the particular bounty hunter. Consequently, the bounty hunters are usually very careful while arresting fugitives.

While executing an arrest, the bounty hunters might wear special kinds of attires. They can wear bulletproof vests, badges or other labels that shows that they are bail enforcement agents. They might also carry firearms or other weapons which are lesser lethal such as batons, tear gas and pepper sprays among others. When they are working in pairs, they mostly use two-way radios so that they can communicate effectively. Some of them get the things they use in their work on their own while others get them from the authorities.

Bounty hunters are usually paid on commissions depending on the arrests they make. The bail bondsmen who employ them are usually entitled to a hundred percent of the amount of bail. The bounty hunters agree with the bail bondsmen on the percentage of the bail money that will go to the bounty hunters. In most cases, the percentage is about ten percent. But this depends on the agreement between the two parties and the kind of arrest that was made. Most of the bounty hunters do not have fixed rates, and as a result, their earnings vary. Therefore, bounty hunters in the modern days are useful for they help in arresting the people who skip bail.


How To Get a Bail License in the State of Alabama

In the state of Alabama, the Department of Insurance issues licenses and enacts relevant regulations. The bail bond industry is highly lucrative, and the profession is quite rewarding. However, to fully enjoy the fruits of being a bail bonds in Birmingham Al, the individual must meet certain requirements. Being a bail bondsman is a challenging occupation, especially in the state of Alabama. However, if done right, it can be extremely rewarding, both personally and professionally. Bail bondsmen nationwide serve the country by helping defendants make bond as they await their trial. They charge a small fee as a percentage of the bond amount. Below are the steps an individual can follow to acquire a bail bondsman license in Alabama.

Step 1: Assess Your Personal Qualifications

As a financial insurance occupation, the profession is highly regulated by the Department of Insurance (DOI). The department also rigorously polices practitioners. Alabama DOI and the state law have established regulations that bail bondsmen are expected to meet personally and professionally. The individual must be:

  1. 18+ years of age
  2. Alabama resident
  3. No felony conviction records
  4. Non-violation of a Court Order
  5. The financial net worth should meet the financial obligation to creditors
  6. No outstanding forfeitures as a result of a surety undertaking

Step 2: Satisfactorily Complete the State’s Educational &Training Requirements

The prospective bail bondsman must complete a 20-hour pre-licensing course before sitting for the licensing exam. This may include a course instruction in:

  • Criminal Defendant Bonds
  • Language of Bail
  • Starting a Bail Bond Company
  • Arrest and Release
  • History of Suretyship
  • Collateral and Indemnity
  • Fulfilling Your Bail Obligation
  • Contract
  • Forfeitures and Judgments

Step 3: Sit for the State Licensing Exam

The relevant exam (Alabama Insurance Producer) should be completed in one hour and includes 50 questions from 9 modules the prospective bail bondsman went through in the pre-licensing training course. To pass the exam, you are required to attain a score of 35/50. There are numerous testing centers all over the state and applicants may register for their examination in any of them.

Step 4: Applying for the Alabama State License

Once you have completed the relevant exam, you may apply for your license via the NIPR (“National Insurance Producer Registry”) website. The prospective bail bondsman must pay a $60 fee online using their credit card. Part of the required documentation may include proof of course completion mailed to Alabama DOI. The license is issued via the NIPR website, and the prospective bail bondsman may download and print it. This license is valid for 24 months before it expires and the bail bondsman is expected to renew it.

If you are a new bail bondsman, it may be a good idea to spend some time working for other more established bail bond companies before establishing your own. There are several such companies that could help you acquire the much-needed experience to run a bail bond business. However, you should be able to start practicing immediately upon passing the exam and getting your license. You will be helping defendants in Alabama resolve their legal issues.

The 3 Most Important Court Cases to the Bail Bond Industry

There have been many court cases throughout history that have had a significant impact on the bail bond industry.  Below are a couple of cases of great importance that I wanted to share.

Nicolls v. Ingersoll

This has been a very significant case in the earliest American cases involving bail bonds. The case acknowledged the inherent authority of bounty hunters over their bailees. In Nicolls v. Ingersoll, the NYC Supreme Court ruled that bondsmen or bounty hunters may exercise some level of control over the defendant at all times. In this particular case, Nicolls had sued the bounty hunter for assault, false imprisonment, battery, and trespass. P. Edwards, the bond agent representing the defendant Nicolls, had sent two bounty hunters to Nicolls’ home in New York to retrieve him at night. They broke down his door and ejected him without crucial possessions before extraditing him to Connecticut. The court held that the bondsman might gain forceful entry to the principal’s house and arrest the defendant.  This was a very important court case, especially for those in the Huntsville Alabama area.  There was one bail bond company there this really affected.  I don’t want to mention the name of it, but you can simply search 24 hour bail bonds Huntsville and figure out who it is.

Taylor v. Taintor

When Edward McGuire was facing larceny charges in Connecticut in 1866 and awaiting his trial, he was also wanted for another felony in Maine. However, this was unknown to Connecticut bondsmen who made a cash bond for the accused. Upon returning to his New York-based home without informing the bondsmen, he was extradited to Maine to answer to burglary charges. His 15-year imprisonment meant he could not appear for his trial to answer to larceny charges. As a result, the court confiscated the cash bond. In an attempt to seek relief from this forfeiture based on the fact that their failure to secure the defendant’s appearance was not as a result of their shortcoming but rather because he was extradited to another state, the Supreme Court faulted the sureties, citing “supineness and neglect.” The court also claimed that the bondsmen failed to keep up with the defendant and to let the New York law enforcers know about his pending case in Connecticut, which all led to the defendant’s nonappearance.

Reese v. the United States

In 1869, the U.S. Supreme Court decided to handle bail bondsmen’s rights by stating that bail bondsmen or their agents may arrest their principal and do whatever it takes to ensure they remain in custody, and this could be carried out in any part of the country. The Reese Court acknowledged the bail-principal relationship and its contractual nature in affirming that the government refrain from interfering with the operations of the bondsmen and preserve their rights. The bondsmen had garnered support from the highest court and could take any liberties they deemed appropriate to arrest their principals and ensure they showed up in court as scheduled.

It’s best to familiarize yourself with the above cases as the can have a significant impact on how you operate your bail bond business.